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October 31, 2014

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transportation:

Alliance pushes high-speed train corridor

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Jacob Snow

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The Shanghai Transrapid maglev train at a station in Shanghai, Nov. 9, 2009.

DesertXpress

The fully electric DesertXpress trains will reach top speeds of 150 miles-per-hour and travel 184 miles from Victorville, CA to Las Vegas, NV in 84 minutes. Launch slideshow »

A newly created alliance of local transit agencies will try to persuade federal authorities that stimulus money should be used on high-speed rail corridor studies, a move that could put Las Vegas back on the map as a railroad town.

The Western High-Speed Rail Alliance wants the Federal Railroad Administration to fund a key portion of President Barack Obama’s transportation strategy: the development of a nationwide high-speed train network.

Meanwhile, in a separate development, backers of high-speed rail systems in Japan spoke at UNLV to show interest in providing its technology for systems built in the United States.

The Railroad Administration’s plan for high-speed rail includes corridors in California, the Pacific Northwest and east of the Mississippi River, but nothing in the Intermountain West. The alliance contends that Western cities such as Phoenix, Las Vegas, Salt Lake City and Denver will be among the fastest growing in the next few decades and should be connected with high-speed rail.

Jacob Snow, general manager of the Las Vegas-based Regional Transportation Commission of Southern Nevada and chairman of the alliance, said local transit agencies need to take the lead on developing high-speed passenger rail because the most difficult part of the planning is the final miles to bring a line into a city.

Snow and other members of the four-state alliance held in an Internet news conference last week. Snow and Tom Skancke, a Las Vegas-based transportation consultant, have been the driving forces for forming the alliance, which includes representatives from the Utah Transit Authority, the Denver Regional Council of Governments, the Washoe County Regional Transportation Commission and Arizona’s Maricopa Association of Governments.

Skancke said the alliance is in the process of incorporating as a nonprofit organization that would approach federal agencies for money to develop a high-speed rail network that would tie into planned rail lines across the country.

The alliance is important to Las Vegas because the city is a key hub in the regional network. A rough route map presented by Skancke at a meeting of the North Las Vegas Chamber of Commerce in October showed routes linking Las Vegas with Phoenix and Salt Lake City as priorities. Other priority routes include Phoenix to Los Angeles, Salt Lake City to Denver and Salt Lake City to Reno.

The alliance has acknowledged a route linking Las Vegas with Los Angeles is a high priority that is being pursued by competing private interests. Snow said the Regional Transportation Commission has met regularly with the developers of DesertXpress and the American Magline Group, which want to build lines between Las Vegas and Southern California. The commission is neutral in its support of DesertXpress, which plans a traditional high-speed rail, or American Magline, which backs magnetic-levitation transport.

At the Dec. 9 news conference, Snow said he is pleased that Obama has made high-speed rail a priority, but he thinks multistate approaches to building a national rail network are key to its success, just as the interstate highway system was developed.

Alliance members say they have been working with their state transportation departments to get them to understand the organization’s concepts.

The group has been talking with the Railroad Administration on freight lines. Separating passenger and freight lines would benefit both systems. Snow said he is open to discussions with other states to expand the alliance. He has been in contact with California, New Mexico and Idaho, which have shown interest in the organization’s goals.

On Dec. 7, the Central Japan Railway Co., operator of the famed Shinkansen “bullet train,” told an audience at UNLV it is interested in bringing its technology to the United States. The presentation was the fourth in a series of high-speed rail forums sponsored by UNLV’s Transportation Research Center and the Ward 5 Chamber of Commerce.

Two high-speed proposals are in different stages of development. The traditional steel-wheel DesertXpress would connect Las Vegas to Victorville, Calif., has completed an environmental-impact statement on its proposed route, and managers have said construction would begin on the $4 billion project in next year’s first quarter.

American Magline Group, would use magnetic levitation technology with a route that would go to Anaheim, Calif. The maglev is at least a year behind DesertXpress, and the company estimates it would cost $12 billion to build.

The Central Japan Railway is on the outside looking in on the existing proposals because DesertXpress has partnered with Canada-based Bombardier as its primary supplier, while American Magline is working with Transrapid of Germany, which has a commercially operating maglev in Shanghai.

Tsutomu Morimura, senior executive director and director general of the technology division of the Central Japan Railway, said his company has patented anti-derailing guard rails and post-derailment stoppers on tracks to help prevent trains from coming off their tracks in an earthquake.

Morimura said the Shinkansen is on its fifth generation design and the N700-I model the company is pitching worldwide has a maximum cruising speed of 205 mph — 55 mph faster than the DesertXpress.

But Morimura said operators of trains in Southern California and Southern Nevada should pay attention to earthquakes and take measures to prevent derailments.

Central Japan Railway, based in one of the most earthquake-prone regions in the world, has conducted vibration tests on high-speed-rail bogies and developed track enhancements to head off derailments.

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