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February 28, 2015

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Education in forefront of upcoming budget battle

Brian Sandoval

Brian Sandoval

Heidi Gansert

Heidi Gansert

Sun Coverage

It’s unusual for a governor to approach budget cuts with the premise that the state’s beleaguered education system needs to make significant sacrifices.

But Gov. Brian Sandoval has done just that, parting ways with his predecessors who wanted the title of “Education Governor.”

Since the campaign, Sandoval has warned he would cut education dollars — education gets the largest share of the budget, after all.

True to his word, he is proposing not only to cut about $625 million from kindergarten through 12th-grade education, but to shrink by 1 percent the share of state spending dedicated to elementary, middle and high schools. (Higher education’s portion of the budget would shrink even more, by nearly 2.5 percent.)

Sandoval has declared his No. 1 priority to be economic development — the only way the state can rescue its troubled budget in the long-term, he argues.

Meanwhile, proponents of a tax increase are casting education in economic-development terms, arguing: The state’s education system, long ranked near the bottom by key measures, is one of the chief reasons businesses don’t come to Nevada.

The governor and his staff say they are cutting education in a way that won’t hurt performance because they have proposed reforms to how education is delivered.

When asked how Sandoval reconciles cutting education with his plans for economic development, Sandoval’s chief of staff, Heidi Gansert, said the trick is to direct cuts at salaries and benefits, not classrooms.

“We’re trying to look at what’s fair and what’s parity with all state employees, and that’s where most of the cuts are (to salaries and benefits),” she said last week. “We’re budgeting to make the employees like other employees.”

It’s a politically savvy way to present education cuts to a business community genuinely concerned about the quality of the state’s education system, and a group that has been fighting for years to cut government employee benefits.

Sandoval can argue he’s asking teachers and other school employees to join in the sacrifices of pay that state employees and many in the private sector have made during the recession.

Indeed, when you look at the numbers, 73 percent of Sandoval’s $625 million education cut is directed at salary and benefits. He wants teachers to take a 5 percent pay cut and make 25 percent of the retirement contribution that districts shoulder.

But there are the numbers, and then there is reality.

Because of collective bargaining rights, Sandoval can’t force school districts to impose either cut. He can simply reduce the overall funding and say, “I hope you do this.”

Most school employee associations are beginning contract negotiations for the next fiscal year, which begins July 1. Some are in the middle of multiyear contracts, which both the districts and the unions would have to agree to reopen to make salary concessions.

District officials and teacher union representatives say it’s highly unlikely that the majority of education cuts would end up coming from salaries and benefits. They’ve warned of layoffs, program eliminations and bigger class sizes.

“Even if we do all those things (the governor is asking), that would still leave us $38 million that we would have to find an answer for,” said Heath Morrison, Washoe County superintendent.

Morrison, who serves on Sandoval’s transition team and said the governor is sincerely dedicated to improving education in Nevada, argued it’s unrealistic to believe reducing salaries wouldn’t have an effect on the quality of education.

“When we are asking our teachers and principals to take cuts, it does impact the classroom,” Morrison said, “particularly if some of our very talented teachers and principals decide they can get more pay somewhere else. It’s hard to ask them to stay. So it does impact the quality, no doubt.”

Both school officials and union reps said salary concessions will be part of upcoming negotiations throughout the state.

“I don’t question the governor’s intentions or his belief that the budget he presented is somehow what’s best for Nevada,” said Gary Peck, executive director of the Nevada State Education Association. “I do question his judgment and his choices.

“And those choices are very likely to include some combination of cuts in programs, reductions in force and, I think it’s fair to say, a serious sort of butting of heads over salary issues.”

How well Sandoval makes his argument could strongly influence the position of business leaders throughout the state as they gauge whether to support his budget or push for a tax increase to better fund education.

“Many businesses have had to cut salaries or affected layoffs or suspended pension contributions,” said Billy Vassiliadis, a top lobbyist for several industries, including gaming. “So there is a sense that we’ve all got to tighten a little bit. But do they think this is all going to be done on salaries? Nobody feels convinced that these are not programmatic cuts.”

And that means: Game on.

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  1. What about a State Lottery? Lotteries have brought much revenue to other states but it is not even discussed by Sandoval. This proves that SANDOVAL is IN THE POCKETS of wealthy gambling interests whom he represents very well.

  2. Sandoval already has his sights on larger campaigns. The fact he is leaving the casino/resort industry and the mining industry alone, speaks volumes who are padding his war chest.

    Education is a very basic service that all Americans expect. However, it is right that those non-Americans should be receiving it as well? With an uncontrolled population, we are now hitting the wall. Time to redefine things.

  3. Im a science teacher of 10 years with perfect record. Cutting the pay and retirement is making me rethink my potential move to vegas. The article is correct except it not only drives good teachers out, it keeps good teachers from wanting to move in.

  4. I'll agree with the idea of a state lottery. I see no real arguments against it. Nevadans already play at State Line, not only giving money to California, but spending several dollars in the process just for gas.

    Keep that money here, instead.

  5. "The governor and his staff say they are cutting education in a way that won't hurt performance because they have proposed reforms to how education is delivered."

    Damon -- that's a good way to put it. Education is badly in need of overhaul. The usual "it's for the kids" is a sure sign the state is grabbing power where it doesn't belong. The teachers' union in Oregon, for example, has decided who gets to be governor for several election cycles. Kitzhaber, Kulongoski, and now Kitzhaber again.

    "Education is a very basic service that all Americans expect ... Time to redefine things."

    staralioflundnv -- Americans expect it, but it was right or entitlement created entirely by legislatures. It's not a fundamental right, since education is something primarily a duty of parenting. I do like your point about redefining.

    "India, China, Singapore, Korea, Eastern Europe - the hungry hordes, are plowing their resources into their kids, and when we show up on the world stage with our '3Rs and skid marks' lousy losers we'll have bots to thank."

    airweare -- right, and I'll bet their budgets aren't as big, the education is better (maybe for focusing on actual education rather than social engineering), and the big spending isn't sucked up by administration.

    "The fundamental theory of liberty upon which all governments in this Union repose excludes any general power of the State to standardize its children by forcing them to accept instruction from public teachers only. The child is not the mere creature of the State; those who nurture him and direct his destiny have the right, coupled with the high duty, to recognize and prepare him for additional obligations." -- Pierce v. Society of Sisters, 268 U.S. 510, 535 (1925)

  6. For all those who support tax increases...


    I know many parents with kids enrolled in Clark County Schools can afford at least $30 per month per child and many more can afford $15 per month per child.

    Stop complaining and write the check. That is showing leadership!!

  7. "This proves that SANDOVAL is IN THE POCKETS of wealthy gambling interests whom he represents very well." Becker should run for DA.

  8. Can't be a very smart teacher if he's thinking about moving to Vegas. That doen't take a whole lot of "rethinking".